Control Asthma

The Issue

More than 24 million Americans have asthma, affecting one in 12 children and one in 14 adults. Asthma is particularly prevalent among low-income populations. Further, African-Americans are two to three times more likely to die from asthma than any other racial or ethnic group.

Asthma accounts for more than 439,000 hospitalizations, 1.6 million emergency department (ED) visits, and 10.5 million physician office visits annually — costing private insurance, Medicaid, Medicare, and other sources an estimated $62.8 billion in 2009.


Plan an Evidence-Based Intervention

Following are asthma control interventions identified by the CDC as having a proven evidence base for improving health outcomes and controlling health care costs:

  • Use the 2007 National Asthma Education and Prevention Program as clinical practice guidelines.
  • Promote strategies that improve access and adherence to asthma medications and devices.
  • Expand access to intensive self-management education by licensed professionals or qualified lay health workers for patients whose asthma is not well-controlled with medical management.
  • Expand access to home visits by licensed professionals or qualified lay health workers to provide intensive self-management education and reduce home asthma triggers for patients whose asthma is not well-controlled with medical management and self-management education.

Evidence Summary: Control Asthma

Download the CDC’s evidence summary that outlines key cost and health information for payers and providers, as well as demonstrated outcomes for each of the above interventions.


Explore Implementation Resources

The following resources can help payers, state officials, and providers to implement high-opportunity asthma control interventions. Does your state/program have resources to share? Send an email to

See also CDC’s asthma program web page.

Filter By:
6|18 State Spotlight | November 2022
Exploring opportunities to streamline and coalesce efforts that support each agency’s existing asthma work.
6|18 State Spotlight | November 2020
Collaborating to improve access and adherence to asthma medications and devices, and expand use of intensive self-management education.
6|18 State Spotlight | November 2020
Partnering to expand Medicaid coverage of the state's asthma home visiting program.
Technical Assistance Tool | August 2019
Shares information that can assist public health stakeholders in describing a new or enhanced Medicaid asthma control service to their Medicaid counterparts.
Technical Assistance Tool | July 2019
Shares Maryland’s approved Title XXI Children’s Health Insurance Program state plan amendment, which can help inform efforts in other states.
Presentation | July 2019
Provides information on Maryland’s activities to address asthma and lead poisoning.
Brief/Report | June 2019
Provides information on ways to support managed care organizations in improving asthma management with asthma home visiting services.
Brief/Report | June 2018
Describes the current role of CHWs in home-based asthma programs, the range of services delivered, and financing mechanisms used to support this work.
Fact Sheet | June 2018
Outlines the economic case, including cost savings and demonstrated outcomes, for implementing Rhode Island’s HARP.
Technical Assistance Tool | June 2018
Guides home visitors in identifying environmental asthma triggers most commonly found in homes. It includes sections on the building, home and room interior, and provides low-cost action steps for remediation.
6|18 State Spotlight | June 2018
Making the business case for reimbursement of the Home Asthma Response Program — a home-based asthma education program using community health workers.
Technical Assistance Tool | June 2018
Provides sample questions that have been compiled from surveys used by Medicaid and public health programs across the country to gather information about asthma control interventions.
Technical Assistance Tool | June 2018
Includes performance improvement projects related to: controlling asthma, preventing diabetes, controlling high blood pressure, and reducing tobacco use.
Brief/Report | May 2018
Provides comprehensive information about the MATCH model of in-home asthma case management.
Webinar | May 2018
Explores diverse pathways for pursuing Medicaid reimbursement for home-based asthma interventions based on actual examples.
Brief/Report | February 2018
Provides an overview of the prevalence and disease burden of asthma in children, and information on how providers, payers, schools, and parents can help address this health condition.
Journal Article | January 2018
Provides a comprehensive estimate of the current prevalence, medical costs, cost of absenteeism, and mortality attributable to asthma nationally.
Guide/Toolkit | September 2017
Summarizes the outcomes, referral criteria, and services included in Michigan’s MATCH program.
Brief/Report | June 2017
Examines Medicaid coverage for asthma self-management education in 10 states, including the range of services, providers, and settings covered by Medicaid plans.
Technical Assistance Tool | January 2017
Helps staff in public health agencies, state asthma-control programs, state Medicaid agencies, and other housing and health organizations build the systems, infrastructure, and financing required for home-based asthma services.
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