Reduce Tobacco Use

The Issue

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and mortality in the United States, resulting in more than $300 billion in health care costs and lost productivity and roughly 480,000 premature deaths annually.

The prevalence of cigarette smoking is especially high among certain groups of adults — including individuals in low-income populations, those with mental illness or substance use disorders, and Medicaid beneficiaries.

CDC’s 6|18 Initiative Success Story

Colorado: Improving Medicaid Tobacco Cessation Benefits.
Read more »  |  Other successes »

 

Plan an Evidence-Based Intervention

Following are tobacco cessation interventions identified by the CDC as having a proven evidence base for improving health outcomes and controlling health care costs:

  • Increase access to tobacco cessation treatments, including individual, group, and telephone counseling, and Food and Drug Administration – approved cessation medications (in accordance with the 2008 Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guidelines and the 2015 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations).
  • Remove barriers that impede access to covered cessation treatments, such as cost-sharing and prior authorization.
  • Promote increased use of covered treatment benefits by tobacco users.

Evidence Summary: Reduce Tobacco Use

Download the CDC’s evidence summary outlining key cost and health care information for payers and providers, as well as demonstrated outcomes for each of the above interventions.
 

Explore Implementation Resources

The following resources can help payers, state officials, and providers to implement high-opportunity tobacco reduction interventions. Does your state/program have resources to share? Send an email to 618@chcs.org.

See also CDC’s smoking and tobacco use program web page.

Filter By:
Brief/Report | May 2020
Describes an innovative health care provider-targeted media campaign conducted by the New York State Department of Health's Tobacco Control Program
Journal Article | October 2019
Examines the results from New York State Department of Health’s media campaign to increase provider-assisted quitting that was implemented in 2016.
Case Study/Profile | September 2019
Showcases each state’s eligibility criteria, rationale, key considerations for making changes to criteria, how changes were implemented, challenges, and successes.
Case Study/Profile | September 2019
Highlight how three states have developed cost-sharing partnerships with Medicaid.
Engagement/Education Material | June 2019
Details promotional approaches for engaging the state’s health care professionals and Medicaid members in order to increase utilization of mechanisms supporting tobacco cessation.
Engagement/Education Material | June 2019
Assesses: 1) approaches and perceptions among providers that may influence uptake of tobacco cessation for their Medicaid patients, and 2) preferred tools and resources that may aid providers in supporting appropriate tobacco cessation interventions, including Medicaid coding/billing. 
Technical Assistance Tool | June 2019
Outlines specific measures that assess the impact of their communications campaign, specifically around the uptake of counseling and coverage benefits as well as the use of tobacco in the state.
Webinar | April 2019
Provides insight on state Medicaid benefits and coverage, as well as strategies to strengthen tobacco cessation and treatment efforts.
Brief/Report | December 2018
Examines the monetary value of programs or policies to determine whether the benefits from the program exceed its cost. In this case, WSIPP is looking at the benefit-cost summary of tobacco quitlines. 
Guide/Toolkit | June 2018
Provides guidance on considerations for implementing cessation coverage, removing policies that act as barriers to treatment, and communicating clearly about the benefit.
Technical Assistance Tool | June 2018
Includes performance improvement projects related to: controlling asthma, preventing diabetes, controlling high blood pressure, and reducing tobacco use.
Technical Assistance Tool | June 2018
Shares sample questions compiled from surveys used by Medicaid and public health programs across the country to gather information about tobacco cessation benefits from MCOs.
Engagement/Education Material | May 2018
Summarizes web, text, and app-based tobacco cessation tools available to patients via the Smokefree platform.
Engagement/Education Material | May 2018
Details covered cessation services, eligible providers, billing codes for counseling, definitions of physician extenders, referral program information, and links to managed care organization contacts.
Brief/Report | April 2018
Provides data on cessation coverage across all state Medicaid plans, as well as barriers to access.
Technical Assistance Tool | March 2018
Aims to increase Rhode Island health care providers' awareness and understanding of cessation pharmacotherapy and counseling benefits covered under fee-for-service Medicaid and the state's three Medicaid managed care plans.
Guide/Toolkit | February 2018
Provides guidance for working with Medicaid colleagues to make the case to cover the National Diabetes Prevention Program, including a “Creating a Budget Projection” template.
Engagement/Education Material | January 2018
Serves as a coding reference for providers who are billing for tobacco use prevention and cessation counseling. 
Technical Assistance Tool | January 2018
Used to collect data from Rhode Island’s health plans on: (1) the implementation of a regulation requiring health insurers to provide smoking cessation benefits, and (2) the details of the health plan products offered, cessation benefit offered, and member utilization for the prior year.
Guide/Toolkit | December 2017
Details the Medicaid match, Medicaid managed care organization contract negotiation, making the case to Medicaid, and general information on Medicaid and quitlines. 
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